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The fundamental premise underlying the learning outcomes-based approach to curriculum planning and development is that higher education qualification such as B.Tech/M.Tech/MBA etc (Any Specialization Degree) are awarded on the basis of demonstrated achievement of outcomes (in terms of knowledge, understanding skills, attitudes and values) and academic qualities expected from a graduate of professional programme such as B.Tech/M.Tech/MBA. The learning outcomes specify what exactly graduates after successfully completing Mass communication & Journalism degree programme of study are expected to know, understand and able to practice on the professional level.
The expected learning outcomes are very important in present day context, as it is generally observed that graduates of professional programmes such as Mass communication & Journalism are mostly not employable in view of R & D Industry. Therefore, higher education degrees must formulate Graduate Attributes (GAs), qualification descriptors, learning outcomes and course learning outcomes which will help in curriculum planning and development in the form of design and delivery. The overall formulation of the professional degree programme must equip learner to have competencies to provide deliverables to the human capital hungry industry.
Why Learning Outcome Based Curriculum Framework (LOCF)
The current education system in India is teacher-centric.
Right from the course curriculum to the assessment pattern, the faculty decides everything. To change the students, therefore, study just to obtain a decent score in examinations rather than thinking of their future & career perspective.
To improve students’ passion for learning new skills & adopting an innovative mindset, it's of utmost importance to incorporate the learning outcome-based curriculum framework. The LOCF has tremendous potential to break the traditional teaching-learning barriers and make the education system student-centric.
Aim Of The Learning Outcome Based Curriculum Framework (LOCF)
The ultimate aim of LOCF lies in enhancing the quality of higher education in India and encouraging the students to gain the best skills & knowledge during their student journey. Learning outcomes are determined in sync with what students are expected to understand at the end of their study program.
The final expected student learning outcomes are considered as a reference to design the teaching-learning curriculum and graduate attributes. Once the final expected outcomes are defined clearly, teachers need to formulate a curriculum that would help them attain their goals. The curriculum intents to –
• Improve flexibility of learning
• Teaching-learning innovation
• Continuous teaching-learning improvements
• Assessment of students at various levels
• Periodic review of student performance
• Evaluating program learning outcomes (POs)
• Evaluating course learning outcomes (COs)
• Maintain highest standards of education
• Create an environment of global competitiveness
Possible Challenges & Solution for LOCF Implementation
The institutions that aim to implement the learning outcome-based curriculum framework may face the following challenges-Changes in curriculum Resource allocation Managing examination Creating assessments (Bloom’s Taxonomy) Knowledge content creation Calculating COs and POs
To create quality content, manage data of students, create assessments, and question papers that reflect Bloom's Taxonomy framework, institutions will need to shift to another level of teaching-learning to ensure successful implementation of the LOCF. These activities can be streamlined & automated with the help of education ERP software. Right from college admission to performance mapping of every year & semester, college ERP software inbuilt with a Power BI dashboard can be helpful.
It can help the faculty create thoughtful & relevant content, identify & implement the most suitable teaching-learning methodologies that work, create assignments & question papers, and prepare the given reports automatically -
Direct and indirect attainment CO-PO calculation Question-wise student performance Yearly attainment measurement Student-wise/course-wise/program-wise mapping
Thus, an educational ERP system is a comprehensive solution that can minimize the hassles of the LOCF implementation in institutions.